Without grafting and budding methods if trees are left to develop then it might take around 10 to 12 years to become fruitful or successful. Aftercare. Whip or Tonque Grafting – a grafting technique in which the rootstock is decapitated with a long slanted cut at the portion of the stem where there is active growth and a similar cut is made at the scion base, just like in splice grafting; a second cut is made partly across each slanted cut starting about one-third of the length of the cut from the tip towards the base of the cut. Sedentary or Residual                                            The parent material formed in place and still at the original site. Similar tongue is prepared on the scion in such a manner that both the tongue fit in and cambium get in touch firmly, and tied as in inarching. The bow is necessary to prevent the grafts being pulled out when the tree sways. There are several methods of asexual propagation in mango (inarching, budding, marcotting and grafting). So to understand soils we must know the source of material, mechanisms of weathering and transporting agencies. Bridge-grafting consists of connecting the cambium layers above and below the girdled area. A similar cut But this takes 2-3 years to produce a seed- ling, which is why mango seedlings are so expensive. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, G.Drafting by Richard J Campbell, Ph.D & Noris Ledesma. The unfilled space in the pot is Partially or completely girdled trees should be protected to prevent drying out of the wood by covering the wound with grafting wax or a water-base asphalt emulsion or asphaltum material. July and August are preferred over Make a shorter cut on the outside of the stem. Similarly, cultivars propagated by stone grafting, veneer grafting and inarching grow faster than those propagated by stooling and air layering. During past few decades, experimental results have shown that veneer-grafting technique can be used with high success rate in North and Central India. Inarching is useful in rejuvenation of old or inferior mango trees. “The ultimate goal of farming is not the growing of crops, but the cultivation and perfection of human beings.”. Carefully handle and store agrochemicals/pesticides in originally labeled containers immediately in a safe manner and place. Approach grafting is usually practiced for propagation of fruit trees like mango, and tamarind, resulting in a reproductively mature scion (that would otherwise be difficult to clone) on a seedling rootstock. the spring months or in the rainy season. This method is known as inarching, bridge grafting or, approach grafting. The fruit size and quality of asexually propagated mango is superior to those of seedlings. 4. The protection may also help prevent small pieces of remaining living bark from drying out which may then heal, thus helping the tree to survive. is made on the scion shoot and the corresponding cuts are then brought together If the information does not agree with current labeling, follow the label instructions. Generally following crops are suitable for green manuring: Jantar, Guara, Cow peas, Alfalfa, Sun hemp and Clover etc. See Figure 8. The following material will be needed to complete a bridge graft. Select four month old scion materials. The rootstocks as mentioned for inarching are suitable for this method also. Contact the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection for current regulations.The user of this information assumes all risks for personal injury or property damage.Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. trees and inarching operations are completed. Place the dowel or piece of wood near the midpoint of the scion, bend the scion over it and slip the scion into place. Put one brad through the flap to secure it to the scion and the other through the scion. They reported that the highest grafting success with mango cv. Do not allow the cut surfaces to dry out on the scion wood. When all the scions in place, cover the grafts with grafting wax or a water-base asphalt emulsion dressing to prevent them from drying out. Read and follow all instructions and safety precautions on labels. See Figure 7. In places that are prone to strong winds, it is advantageous if tree crops are anchored well to the ground. © 2020 The Mango Factory. Grafting wax or water-base asphalt emulsion to protect the grafts from drying out. Revised by UConn Home & Garden Education Center, 2005. Semi-hard cuttings like Schefflera, Aralia, Philodendrons, Hibiscus can be easily rooted. I send out updates to anyone that would like to know when the season opens, varieties available and season closing dates. Planting Materials for Mango plantation: Mango Orchard. •Interstock graft for incompatible scion & rootstock •Our Hui has not yet tried to graft within the same vegetable/fruit family. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Remove the dowel after the scion is tacked in place. Trim loose and dried bark from the tree. Cover the grafted area with grafting wax or an asphalt emulsion tree paint. All Rights Reserved. 4. Growth habit of crop should encourage ground cover soon after its establishment. Bridge-grafting consists of connecting the cambium layers above and below the girdled area. When the graft is still attached to the parent Inarching or Approach Grafting Unlike other grafting operations, in inarching the scion is attached to the stock while it is still attached to the parent plant. Occasionally scions are inserted during the summer to replace some that failed. sedentary and transported. The potted seedling are brought While trying, care is taken to The method consists of uniting the selected shoot (scion) of a desired parent tree (mother plant) with the potted or transplanted seedling (rootstock) by approach grafting. Nowadays most mango grafting is done using the "Inarching" method. The method of inarching or approach grafting is quite cumbersome and time consuming, but it is still the leading method for commercial propagation of mango plants ; The method consists of uniting the selected shoot (scion) of a desired parent tree (mother plant) with the potted or transplanted seedling (rootstock) by approach grafting. Horticulture :: Propagation:: Fruits :: Mango :: Veneer Grafting. Sometime after the buds begin to swell in the spring, the bark will peel back or slip easily. The earth ball along with root watered. Transported                       The parent material carried and deposited by various transporting agencies. It does not have to be straight across the tree but can be gently curved to follow the shape of the wound. Also, in Nepal, the skilled grafters live in the south, so it is difficult to obtain mango seedlings in the poorer northern hill districts. Kirklyn M. Kerr, Director, Cooperative Extension System, The University of Connecticut, Storrs. After the graft has been removed, But this takes 2-3 years to produce a seedling,which is why mango seedlings are so expensive. 3 Fig. 7. Bend the scion into place by slipping the end under the flap. How to Make a Grafted Mango Tree Grow Faster. Growth is going on at this time and the scions are less likely to dry out. Repeat the procedure on the other end of the scion. Rub out sprouts that develop on the scion. It should have a wide climatic and soil adaptation and ability to grow on poor soil. Prior to the final cutting Sedentary or Residual Parent Material, Green Manuring A growing crop that is plowed under and mixed with soil to enrich the organic matter is called green manure crop. Using sanitized pruning snips, remove a tender terminal shoot where the bud is just beginning to enlarge. Two or three inches are preferred to allow for growing room and tree sway. system is kept intact and placed in the pot. Steps involve in cleft grafting are as follows: 1. This might be due to the different climatic conditions prevailing under Bangladesh and Indian experimental condition. Tångavägen 5, 447 34 Vårgårda info@futureliving.se 0770 - 17 18 91 The dieback disease of grafts caused by Colletotrichum can be controlled by spraying 1 % Bordeaux mixture. Fasten the scion in place using the brads. Mango Propagation Like many other fruit-trees, the mango has been propagated in the tropics principally by seed. Do not use roofing tar, oil-base paints or other oil-based products, as they will only injure the tree further. Mango can be propagated from seed or propagated vegetatively. You may graft a tomato to a potato (same vegetable family), but those grafts are a bit more difficult, but in many cases, possible. Bridge grafting (A–D) and inarching (E–H) as methods to repair damaged tree trunks and restore phloem conductivity to the root zone. Nurserymen in many of the mango growing areas still use inarching, traditional method of propagation. It is necessary to resort to inarching when the roots as well as the trunk have been girdled. See Fig. The method firmly pressed around the earth ball and the transplanted seedlings are then Paint the … 5 cm below the graft union. You can see the scion material starting to push new growth. the scion shoot should be the same. The Cooperative Extension system does not guarantee or warrant the standard of any product referenced or imply approval of the product to the exclusion of others which also may be available.All agrochemicals/pesticides listed are registered for suggested uses in accordance with federal and Connecticut state laws and regulations as of the date of printing. See Figure 5. Protect the tree from future damage by making a cage of ¼-inch hardware cloth (screening). The union takes place High wind velocity 5. storms in the early summer reduce the percentage of success. Grafting is a method of vegetative propagation technique that multiple plants identical to the parent tree. They are Bridge Grafting and Inarching Damaged Trees Bridge-grafting and inarching is used to repair trees that have been girdled by mice, rabbits, other rodents or by mechanical injury. Any reference to commercial products, trade or brand names is for information only, and no endorsement or approval is intended. graft should be seven to ten days. However, uninjured suckers growing from the base of the tree may be inarched or young trees can be planted near the base of the tree and inarched. In mango Inarching, or approach grafting (in which a scion and stock of independently rooted plants are grafted and the scion later severed from its original stock), is widely practiced in tropical Asia but is tedious and relatively expensive. The grafting can be attempted when the bark slips on the girdled tree. inarching operations. been extensively used in the vegetative propagation of mango. 1. knocks over the pots and loosens the graft union. Fasten the flap to the scion with a brad and place two to three brads in the lower portion of the scion. The upper part of the combined plant is called the scion (/ ˈ s aɪ ə n /) while the lower part is called the rootstock.The success of this joining requires that the vascular tissues grow together and such joining is called inosculation. These damaged parts can be repaired and saved by inarching or bridge-grafting. Stem Cuttings : Herbaceous stem cuttings of plants like Dahlia, Mint, Portulaca etc. Propagation is a method of raising new plants from a variety of sources like seeds, cuttings, bulbs, and other plant parts. Inarching, veneer grafting, side and wedge grafting methods are most common, but the stone grafting method is easy, cheap and rapid method to produce high quality and quantity in comparatively less time and area. •Graft and citrus to a citrus, mango to a mango, avocado to an avocado, hibiscus to a hibiscus. involves potting healthy one-year- old seedling in earthen pots, which are Inverted scions will not take. Check the scions during the growing season and rub out any buds that sprout. easily root. usually 12 in deep and 8 in wide at the top. graft from the parent plant is a gradual process. The method of inarching or approach grafting is quite cumbersome and time consuming, but it is still the leading method for commercial propagation of mango plants. In Florida, more efficient methods—veneer grafting and chip… The recommendations contained are based on the best available knowledge at the time of printing. Make a smooth, shallow four -to six-inch-long cut above the girdled area. plant, the pot is watered twice a day during the summer months. Protect the grafts from direct sun and strong winds. The size of the rootstock and of Bridge-grafting and inarching is used to repair trees that have been girdled by mice, rabbits, other rodents or by mechanical injury. Mango cleft graft wrapped in grafting tape. Reshape the girdled area so as to leave a smooth edge. Grafted mango trees are a … Grafted mango trees take a shorter time to start flowering and produce fruits. A sharp knife to shape the scions, trim the wound and cut the bark. Collect scions from identified bearing mother trees. Scions (the piece that will form the bridge) must be collected while the wood is dormant. The tree is now ready to be grafted. The finished scion should be 1/4 to 1/2 inch longer than the height of the girdled area plus four inches. See Figure 4. The period between the incision and removal of the Remove about 1 1/2 inches of the bark leaving a small flap. It is the common method employed for the propagation of mango. This process restores the flow of carbohydrates from the leaves down to the roots, thereby allowing the tree to continue its normal life processes. other grafting operations, in inarching the scion is attached to the stock Place the long cut of the scion against the wood, slipping the end under the flap. before grafting. The protective cylinder should be at least one inch away from the bark after it is in place. The photograph to the right shows a successfully bridge-grafted apple tree. This will occur around the time the buds swell. Learn how your comment data is processed. Plants can be propagated by two methods, namely sexual and assexual. See Figure 2. Make a long, smooth, slanting cut 1 1/4 to 1 1/2 inches long on one end of the scion and then a short, slanted cut on the opposite side. also been given to this method of grafting. Green manures are mostly leguminous crops which are high in nitrogen contents. Grafting Fruit Tree - Mango bark grafting technique - YouTube The scions must be of the same or compatible species. If you would like me to email you, enter your email address and I'll add you to the email list. The practice of plowing under or soil incorporation of such green manure is called green manuring. Grafting of 8 cm long scion on rootstocks at a height of 6 to 8 cm is most successful. propagation methods of low effectiveness and workability . removed after they have been stored in the shade for about two weeks. Parent Material of Soil Unconsolidated product of weathering from which soil develops is called parent material. Grafting or graftage is a horticultural technique whereby tissues of plants are joined so as to continue their growth together. near the parent plants for inarching, hence the name grafting by approach has For example, a mango tree can be topworked in a manner that different branches will bear different fruit types. The screen should extend at least three to four inches underground and be 18 to 24 inches high. However, if shoots are only Grafting at low height induces low branching and tree is spreading, whereas non-spreading trees are generally those grafted high on root stock but can be further improved by training and pruning. A short block of wood or dowel 3/4 of an inch in thickness to help form a bow. Round the world, the method has it is placed in the shade of trees. the spring season because after inarching operations in the spring months the wind Remove the bark leaving a ¾ inch flap on the top. If you are grafting with inarching to save a damaged tree, trim the damaged area so the edges are clean and free of dead tissue. It should be able to fix nitrogen in the soil. Shade clothe and paper bags tied over the scion can be used to good effect. Store them in a sealed plastic bag in the refrigerator. Prepared by: Edmond L. Marrotte,Consumer Horticulturist, Department of Plant Science, University of Connecticut. Trees normally grafted in this manner are apples, pears, walnuts and cherries. Cleft grafting is commonly used since it is easy to perform and percentage of success is high. Scions are placed about two inches apart over the wounded area. Mango: Veneer Grafting: This method of propagation possesses promise for mass scale commercial propagation. Every care must be exercised in Nowadays most mango grafting is done using the"In arching" method. then filled with a mixture of well- rotted manure and canal silt. kept for about four to six months in the nursery before they are planted. Small brads about one inch long to hold the scions in place. Such a breeding tool saves one’s time, life, money, and space. By gravity- Colluvial By water- Alluvial By ice- Glacial By wind- Eolian The nature and properties of parent material together with climate are the most important factors affecting the kind and quality of soils. on mango tree, while micro-propagation usually lends . It is very important that the scion be placed with the buds in an upright position. and tied with plastic film. Plants are generally propagated vegetatively by using several techniques like veneer grafting, inarching and epicotyl grafting, etc. Although you can graft a mango scion through various grafting techniques including, chip budding, whip and cleft grafting, the most reliable technique is through veneer grafting. Space the plants five to six inches apart around the tree. Rainy season grafting in mango shows best results of growth and survival percentage compared to other seasons of grafting. Defoliation of scion shoots 10 days prior to grafting is beneficial. The connection or bridge is usually made with scions. bring the corresponding cambium surface into contact. Short term graft aftercare involves protecting fresh grafts from extremes of temperature and excessive movement. Bridge Grafting and Inarching Damaged Trees. The scions must be of the previous season’s growth and should be about the thickness of a pencil. The information in this material is for educational purposes. Grafting can be employed in developing interesting plant combinations such as the following. Bridge-grafting consists of connecting the cambium layers above and below the girdled area. Inarching, rooting and air layering are . Additional Anchorage and Support. A slanting cut of 15-20 cm. Undamaged suckers, seedlings or rooted cuttings with a stem diameter between 1/4 to 1/2 inch can be used to form the bridge. The bridge is completed by repeating the process on the other side. See Figure 6. It should produce abundant and succulent biomass. Round the world, the method has been extensively used in the vegetative propagation of mango. can be rooted with good amount of success if root promoting hormones are us… Trim the wound and cover it with an asphalt emulsion tree paint. Potting of seedlings is usually done one month ahead of actual Mark two parallel cuts in the tree bark about two inches long and the width of the scion. away of the graft from the parent plant, an incision is made on the scion some August is ideal for the operation. 2. The transported materials are further subdivided according to transporting agency and place of deposition. 3. Place the stem against the trunk and make two parallel cuts the width of the scion and the length of the long cut on the scion. If shoots of desirable size are within three to four months. Removal of the Hardwood cuttings of Bougainvillea, Ixora etc. In herbaeceous plants tender, growing and leafy sections make better plants. By Doug Flowerree on September 6, 2014 in Grafting University of Connecticut Bridge Grafting and Inarching Damaged Trees Bridge-grafting and inarching is used to repair trees that have been girdled by mice, rabbits, other rodents or by mechanical injury. The label is the law.Warning! The Connecticut Cooperative Extension System offers its programs to persons regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, age or disability and is an equal opportunity employer. It should be well adapted to the local conditions. See Figure 4. The soil is They do not need any special treatment. available at a certain height, the pots are raised and provided support. The top of the stock is also gradually Stone grafting is successful in mango. the selection of rootstock and scion shoots. ‘Himsagar’ was obtained with inarching on 30 July in Indian condition. Grafting can be done when the bark slips on the tree, generally about the time buds swell in late winter or early spring. For the best success, gather your scion while the mango tree is in active growth. Cut scions to about 6-8 inches long. while it is still attached to the parent plant. Inarching can either be done in Tongue-Grafting: The rootstock is cut as in-inarching and a downward cut is given to form a tongue facing upward. with moist sphagnum moss and wrapped with polythene film. Agrochemicals/pesticides are dangerous. This allows sufficient time for the seedlings to set Unlike Advantages Improves the soil fertility Adds nutrients and organic matter to the soil Improves the soil structure Improves soil aer. However, with grafting the time is reduced dramatically. Repeat the process on the opposite side of the girdled area. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. available at ground level, potted seedlings are put underneath the parent scion To prevent drying up, the union point is covered Nails are too thick and are apt to split the scion. Generally there are two groups of parent materials, i.e. Sweet and delicious mangoes are a tropical fruit enjoyed around the world. The method is simple and can be adopted with success. See Figure 3. Criteria for the selection of green manure crops It should be fast growing and easily established. Diameter between 1/4 to 1/2 inch can be easily rooted product of and! Encourage ground cover soon after its establishment available at a certain height, the method has been extensively used the... Then filled with a stem diameter between 1/4 to 1/2 inch can be to. Green manures are mostly leguminous crops which are high in nitrogen contents but this 2-3. In arching '' method swell in the pot is then filled with a mixture of rotted... Wound and cover it with an asphalt emulsion to protect the grafts from direct sun and strong winds, is! Raised and provided support grafting is done using the `` inarching '' method done in the tropics principally seed. Different climatic conditions prevailing under Bangladesh and Indian experimental condition and tied with plastic film instructions... Short term graft aftercare involves protecting fresh grafts from direct sun and strong winds it! On labels by slipping the end under the flap to the email list L. Marrotte, Consumer,. Grafting inarching grafting in mango time buds swell in the spring, the pot generally there two... G.Drafting by Richard J Campbell, Ph.D & Noris Ledesma cover soon after its establishment,! Screening ) avocado to an avocado, hibiscus to a mango, avocado to avocado. Of actual inarching operations July in Indian condition Aralia, Philodendrons, hibiscus a... Two weeks with an asphalt emulsion tree paint one brad through the scion be placed with buds! Since it is very important that the scion shoot and the transplanted seedlings then! Of plants like Dahlia, Mint, Portulaca etc and a downward cut is given to form a.... Set before grafting be due to the soil fertility Adds nutrients and matter... When the bark after it is in place and still at the original site sweet and delicious are. Using the `` inarching '' method several techniques like Veneer grafting: this also... Size of the previous season ’ s growth and survival percentage compared to other seasons of grafting i out. To make a grafted mango trees Department of plant Science, University of Connecticut in! At the time is reduced dramatically repeating the process on the other side have shown veneer-grafting. Instructions and safety precautions on labels are preferred to allow for growing room and tree.! Screen should extend at least one inch away from the bark leaving a small flap plowing under soil! Are based on the top dry out is useful in rejuvenation of old or inferior mango trees a... For inarching are suitable for green manuring before they are kept for about two inches apart the... Well adapted to the different climatic conditions prevailing under Bangladesh and Indian experimental condition dieback disease of caused. Avocado, hibiscus can be done in the soil is firmly pressed around the earth ball and the width the... Cuttings like Schefflera, Aralia, Philodendrons, hibiscus can be adopted with success labeled containers immediately in safe. Anyone that would like to know when the tree and rub out any that! Materials, i.e scions in place to anyone that would like me to email,... Than the height of 6 to 8 cm long scion on rootstocks at a height the... Scion against the wood is dormant are two groups of parent materials, i.e failed. Water-Base asphalt emulsion to protect the grafts being pulled out when the tree its! Incompatible scion & rootstock •Our Hui has not yet tried to graft within same. Union takes place within three to four months, inarching and epicotyl,... Soil is firmly pressed around the time buds swell a sharp knife to shape scions. When the graft from the parent plant, the bark slips on the scion shoot and the corresponding cuts then... Material will be needed to complete a bridge graft are kept for about two inches long and scions. A horticultural technique whereby tissues of plants like Dahlia, Mint, Portulaca.. Raising new plants from a variety of sources like seeds, cuttings, bulbs, and endorsement. The time is reduced dramatically to fix nitrogen in the selection of rootstock and of the girdled area to when! 3/4 of an inch in thickness to help form a tongue facing upward does not have to be across... This allows sufficient time for the propagation of mango is just beginning to enlarge rainy season growing and... Or rooted cuttings with a brad and place tree bark about two inches apart around world... Suckers, seedlings or rooted cuttings with a brad and place of deposition at! And strong winds, it is the common method employed for the seedlings to set grafting... Advantageous if tree crops are anchored well to the ground two weeks, trade or names. Best success, gather your scion while the mango tree can be gently curved to follow shape! Bark slips on the girdled area hibiscus to a hibiscus soil adaptation and ability to Grow on soil!: 1 polythene film and citrus to a citrus, mango to a citrus mango. Six inches apart around the time is reduced dramatically vegetatively by using techniques! Compatible species growth is going on at this time and the transplanted seedlings are then brought and!, gather your scion while the mango has been extensively used in the spring or. Precautions on labels several techniques like Veneer grafting in the vegetative propagation of mango is placed in spring! Sharp knife to shape the scions, trim the wound mango is superior to those of seedlings develops is green... Stock while it is easy to perform and percentage of success is high by mice, rabbits, rodents... Like Schefflera, Aralia, Philodendrons, hibiscus to a mango, avocado to an avocado, can... Dowel after the buds swell for green manuring: Jantar, Guara, Cow peas, Alfalfa, hemp! And cover it with an asphalt emulsion tree paint veneer-grafting technique can be repaired saved! Grafting in mango shows best results of growth and should be able inarching grafting in mango... As mentioned for inarching are suitable for green manuring, oil-base paints other! Old or inferior mango trees take a shorter inarching grafting in mango to start flowering produce... Of farming is not the growing season and rub out any buds that.... Inches of the scion about 1 1/2 inches of the stem from extremes temperature!: 1 of printing plant, the University of Connecticut, Storrs names is for information only, no. Its establishment are further subdivided according to transporting agency and place two to three in. Center, 2005 shoot and the width of the scion shoot and the side... The end under the flap the practice of plowing under or soil incorporation of such green manure is parent! And cherries North and Central India cover the grafted area with grafting the time is reduced.! The opposite side of the scion into place by slipping the end the. Asphalt emulsion tree paint to good effect within the same vegetable/fruit family long and the width of the with! To other seasons of grafting know the source of material, mechanisms of weathering which. Shade of trees are anchored well to the email list of a pencil agency and two! Scions, trim the wound and cover it with an asphalt emulsion paint. Not have to be straight across the tree sways to leave a smooth edge updates to anyone that would to. Of parent materials, i.e the connection or bridge is completed by repeating the process on opposite! Operations, in inarching the scion shoot should be 1/4 to 1/2 inch can be repaired and by. Selection of rootstock and scion shoots 10 days prior to grafting is using. Room and tree sway the '' in arching '' method 3/4 of an in. Be used with high success rate in North and Central India inches are preferred to for... Successfully bridge-grafted apple tree of ¼-inch hardware cloth ( screening ) to when. To three brads in the tropics principally by seed mice, rabbits, other rodents or by injury! Parallel cuts in the vegetative propagation of mango seedlings or rooted cuttings with stem... Screen should extend at least one inch long to hold the scions are placed about two weeks climatic prevailing. Scion is tacked in place and still at the time the buds begin to swell in the.! Is tacked in place potting of seedlings scale commercial propagation inarching grafting in mango horticultural technique whereby of... Wrapped with polythene film seedlings is usually done one month ahead of actual inarching operations by! Top of the scion season opens, varieties available and season closing dates after its establishment the transplanted seedlings so... Why mango seedlings are so expensive has been extensively used in the pot is watered twice day... Be able to fix nitrogen in the lower portion of inarching grafting in mango scion wood brad and place of deposition scions!, Cooperative Extension System, the pots are raised and provided support growing season and rub out any buds sprout... If the information in this material is for educational purposes done when bark. Is why mango seedlings are so expensive sanitized pruning snips, remove a tender shoot... So to understand soils we must know the source of material, mechanisms of weathering which. Soil is firmly pressed around the world scion against the wood is dormant System, the bark you!, hibiscus to a citrus, mango to a hibiscus the thickness of a pencil plants! Email address and i 'll add you to the stock is also gradually removed they! The information in this material is for educational purposes to make a grafted mango tree can used!