The sticky white sap that oozes from the stems of the Euphorbia Trigona plant carries significant toxicity levels. Also, a lack of light may cause the succulent stems to darken in color. If you want to take the edge off its growth rate, you can pluck off a few stems and replant them in new containers. Place your Euphorbia cactus in a bright spot where it gets plenty of indirect sunlight. This particular cactus needs proper care to bud and flower each year. Considering where it natively comes from, this perennial plant can go a little frugal when it comes to watering. Plant may vary in shape and size from pictured. Apart from amending your potting mix with coarse sand, adding perlite or pumice also works great to help the soil absorb moisture much faster. Use a good commercial porous, well-drained cactus mix. Although it resembles one, the African milk tree is not a cactus at all, nor is it a bush or a tree. Quick African Milk Tree Care Guide. Also, their shape, like an up-turned candelabra, is a reason why the “trees” are also called candelabra cactus. Description. Second, this cactus-like plant exudes a toxic milky-white sap when cut, which is typical to a Euphorbia. Candelabra cactus plants have a relatively slow growth rate in containers. The yellowing and drying up of new growth could be the result of the plant getting too much or too little water. your own Pins on Pinterest You can either plant the cut stem in fresh potting soil or allow it to dry for two days to callus over. Use soluble fertilizer that’s recommended for succulent plants once a month every summer and spring. Growing outdoors, the African milk tree has dense growth and grows into a bush-like spiky plant—which is also called the African milk bush. But it’s generally grouped as a succulent plant in spite of the fact that it emerges a few leaves during its maturity stages. We are complete beginners when it comes to plant care. 18 more photos VIEW GALLERY. The houseplant’s tall growth and ability to grow in partial shade makes it excellent for adding greenery to corners of rooms. Due to the plant’s growth, there are a few things to keep in mind when repotting. This type of container for succulents prevents soil from staying too damp. Along the ridges of the stems are thorns and small oval-shaped leaves. But you may find that it adapts well to shaded areas or darker places—for example, north-facing rooms. Typically, it should only take about 2-3 months for your plant to sprout a few nutrient-absorbing roots. It should come as no surprise that many people think of it as a cactus. Perlite. Though it looks a lot like a cactus, it’s a succulent plant. Euphorbias are easy to grow with the exception of irrigation, which is hard to manage. Is Lemongrass Mosquito Repellent, Does It Really Work? Carefully put the plant in the new pot and fill the remaining space with potting soil. And consequently, you want to keep it out of reach of your kids or pets. The plant's spines can cause painful cuts and scrapes. But if there are significant blemishes on a branch, it would be prudent to chop it off—to prevent the damage from worsening. I may actually kill it if this goes on since the roots seem to not be growing at all and there’s a lot of scarring on the plant stem itself. Cactus and Succulents forum: African Milk Tree Help. Of course, Euphorbia cactus growth is faster in spring and summer than during its dormant period in winter. We’ll dive deep on how to replant the stems right in the propagation section, just so you know. Only water Euphorbia cactus plants when the top layer of soil is completely dry. If you notice that the plant is stressed from the hot sun, move it to a shadier place. Also known as African milk bush, friendship cactus and candelabra cactus, Euphorbia trigona is not a tree, bush or cactus. Euphorbia trigona, known as the African Milk Tree (because of the milky sap contained in the stems) is an easy-care indoor plant that comes from Africa. The worst thing you can do to succulents or cacti is to let their roots sit in soggy soil. From what you’ve described, your plant’s stress symptoms could be due to water, light, or pot size issues. Thoroughly drenching the soil helps rinse away excess minerals that can build up in the soil. In this guide, you’ll have a hands-on background of all it takes to grow and take decent care of the African Milk Tree Cactus. Growing outdoors, the multi-stemmed succulent feels at home in hot, arid climates. African Milk Trees (Euphorbia trigona) are succulents that make great houseplants. Cutting or puncturing the plant causes milk to leak. Crumple pieces of newspaper and put between the stems. As with growing most succulents and cacti at home, too much humidity can be their downfall. Pictures of full-grown Euphorbia cacti look like large, bushy trees. It’s also dubbed “the African Cactus” due to its place of origin. For your branching succulent to thrive, all you need is a heavy, unglazed clay pot to support this indoor tree like plant, and well-draining, sandy soil. However, avoid allowing the potted cactus like plant to stand in a cold draft or air-conditioning airflow. This type of deep watering ensures the roots get appropriately hydrated. If your Euphorbia trigona has brown, soft stems or limbs, it’s probably a sign of rot. Dissect the ruined branch 2 inches right on the lower part of the affected part. Using sharp, sterile pruning shears, cut off an arm from the base of the main stem. African Milk Tree, High Chaparall, Cathedral Cactus, Abyssinian Euphorbia. Family: Euphorbiaceae Subfamily: Euphorbioideae Tribe: Euphorbieae Subtribe: Euphorbiinae Genus: Euphorbia. 4+ tall Will ship bareroot no pot no soil Easy care, water when soil has fully dried out. How to Care for an African Milk Tree. Euphorbia trigona or African milk tree is a perennial ornamental house plant growing up to 3 meter tall. So you need to keep the soil moderately moist. Botanical Name: Euphorbia trigona – (yoo-FOR-bee-uh) (try-GOH-nuh) Common Name(s): African Milk Tree cactus, candelabra cactus, Abyssinian Euphorbia, cathedral cactus, friendship cactus Regular price £5.00 Regular price Sale price £5.00 Sale. A cactus from tropical western Africa, commonly known as the African Milk Tree. I prepare my own succulent soil since it’s cheaper than purchasing the commercial cacti potting mix. In this guide, you’ll have a hands-on background of all it takes to grow and take decent care of the African Milk Tree Cactus. In its natural habitat, it grows in dense, thorny thickets. But on the bright side of things, it’s resistant to many problems that are common with other succulents. Keep the potting soil moist for two to three weeks until the cut stem takes root. african milk tree cactus African Milk Tree (Euphorbia trigona) is a tall, rugged, easy-care plant with thorns. Run a flat knife around the inside edge of the pot to loosen the soil. Transferring an African milk plant to a new pot is relatively straightforward. To keep the roots safe from rotting, you need to keep tabs with these handy tips: Propagating any type of succulent isn’t a hard thing to do. Remember—it is better to underwater cacti and succulents, rather than overwater them. These sap-sucking pests feed on the juices of your plant and can affect its growth. Don’t miss to use protective gear( gloves and goggles) during this exercise to avoid any irritation on your skin or eyes. — Regular price £28 Save £20. African Milk Tree / Euphorbia trigona Rubra - easy care succulent houseplant in 6.5cm pot. Mine that you see here looks a little lack luster right now because it’s coming out of its semi-dormant winter state and is losing its leaves. Read on to find if the Euphorbia Trigona succulent is charming enough and seemingly appropriate for your extra gardening space. African milk plants (Euphorbia trigona) don’t have any special humidity requirements. In this comprehensive guide to Euphorbia trigona care, find out how to make the plant thrive. Views: 9032, Replies: 8 » Jump to the end. The African milk tree grows horizontally and branches into three strapping stalks, so it doesn’t strictly need any grooming to look appealing. Rarely, the Euphorbia trigona produces small white or yellow-white flowers. Euphorbia Trigona, The African Milk Tree . Use the potting soil which we’ve suggested earlier in this guide and the let the plant to mutate to its new environment a little bit before watering it. When you get the potting soil mix and watering frequency right, you can put the plant in a bright spot, protected from direct sunlight, and almost forget about it. Place the newly propagated cutting under a warm environment but don’t expose it to direct sunlight. Toxic Principles: Ricin (highly toxic) Clinical Signs: Loss of appetite, excessive thirst, weakness, colic, trembling, sweating, loss of coordination, difficulty breathing, depression, bloody diarrhea, seizures, death. The Euphorbia cactus rarely flowers outdoors and never indoors. Some issues associated with excessive air moisture are root rot, fungal disease, or houseplant pests. Take a new container that is one to two sizes larger than its current one and fill it half-full with a cactus mix potting soil. Family: Euphorbiaceae Subfamily: Euphorbioideae Tribe: Euphorbieae Subtribe: Euphorbiinae Genus: Euphorbia. It is known for rapid and enthusiastic growth, and Euphorbia trigona can grow to heights of six to eight feet. Although Euphorbia cactus isn’t a real cactus, you care for it similarly as you would look after a cactus plant. Required fields are marked *, Check out these beautiful projects and get a lot more ideas for your DIY project. Also known as African milk bush, friendship cactus and candelabra cactus, Euphorbia trigona is not a tree, bush or cactus. In a worst-case scenario, you may have to repot the succulent in fresh potting mix to save it from dying. Does anyone know how to nuetralize burning and blistering caused be extended exposure to cactus sap? You’ll equally need to be watchful when dealing with the red variety (Royal Red). Use a sharp and sterilized knife to keep your plant from catching bacterial infections. Description. Inversely, you don’t want to underwater it during spring and summer. If you expose it to bright light and warm temperatures, it can reach about 3 to 6 feet tall, thereabout. How does African milk tree grow? The weight of the pot helps keep the plant steady—essential when the Euphorbia grows tall. Using a few solid tips, you can, now more than ever, take care of your African Cactus with little to zero trouble and make it bloom throughout the year like it’s on cruise control. Many species of succulents in the genus Euphorbia have this milky latex substance. The stem and branches can have two or three sides. Apply the fertilizer solution every three to four weeks during the growing season—spring and summer. — Regular price £10 Rat Tail Cactus / Aporocactus x mallisonii - hanging cactus plant in 14cm pot. Family: Euphorbiaceae (yoo-for-bee-AY-see-ee) Genus: Euphorbia (yoo-FOR-bee-uh) Species: trigona (try-GOH-nuh) Cultivar: Rubra: Synonym: Euphorbia trigona f. rubra: 26 members have or want this plant for trade. But you can easily control its height by pruning the tops off the stems. If the soil is too dense, you could add pumice or perlite to increase aeration. The candelabra cactus grows best in bright light. Also, moisture evaporates faster from clay pots than plastic ones. Euphorbia trigona (also known as African milk tree, cathedral cactus, Abyssinian euphorbia, and high chaparall [dubious – discuss]) is a perennial plant that originates from Central Africa. Do you fancy adopting a tall, bushy, and drought-resistant succulent with a rare crown of thorns? During long hot summers, the candelabra cactus may need some protection from full sun. The Euphorbia trigona Rubra or Royal Red Euphorbia creates a dramatic visual statement. It does have a potentially toxic sap so care must be taken to wear gloves and keep from rubbing your eyes. Although candelabra cactus plants grow well in most indoor conditions, they need plenty of air movement. Some natives in Thailand strongly believe that the crown of thorns which grows this plant foresees the fortune of its keeper. Before handling the plant, put on heavy-duty gloves, goggles, and cover exposed areas of skin. Most succulents, including the Euphorbia Trigona, develop well in well-draining soil. Jan 14, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Karen Cordes. It needs minimal fertilizer. This species of Euphorbia succulent is popular with many houseplant owners because it looks like a cactus. But luckily, the Euphorbia Trigona (scientific name) is an extremely impressive houseplant with less nurturing demands than most other succulents. Ball Cactus Care: How To Grow & Care For The Parodia Notocactus, These 15 Cactus-Inspired DIYs Will Have You Dreaming of Springtime. It was on my skin for two hours, a warming sensation followed, then it became very painful. Even so, your plant needs essential macronutrients to bloom and grow at a cracking pace. Euphorbia horrida var. Or, you can use a suitable cactus mix for growing Euphorbia succulents. Water your plant a little less during winter since it needs some resting period. The stem itself is dark green with V-shaped light green patterns. Instead, you practically have the autonomy to choose whether to prune your plant or not. The tall, upright candelabra cactus grows well near a south-facing window but protected from direct sun that can burn the plant. The plant is most often grown indoors because of the necessity of very warm temperatures and frost tender status. Sterilize your knife and use it to cut a healthy stem from the parent plant; one that has few to zero dents and is taller than 5 inches. By the fifth hour it felt burned, then blisters started to form. Growing outdoors, the African milk tree has dense growth and grows into a bush-like spiky plant—which is also called the African milk bush. African Milk Tree / Euphorbia trigona Rubra - easy care succulent houseplant in 6.5cm pot. Also called the African milk tree, this plant is a tall-growing branching succulent. There are reported cases of Euphorbia sap causing vision problems and even blindness if it gets into the eyes. African milk tree earned its common name from the white, milky sap it exudes. To propagate the succulent, just cut a 3” to 4” (7.5 – 9 cm) section from the top of a stem. The fact is, this thorny succulent hails from West Africa where it grows wild in dense, thorny thickets. For best results, propagate this plant either during spring or summer when the temperatures are above 70°F. Synonyms. If you are planning on growing a Euphorbia cactus at home, you don’t have to worry about its enormous height. If you have the red species of succulent—Euphorbia trigona ‘Rubra’—you will find that plenty of sunshine helps to keep the leaves a deep red color. They advise you to avoid having any type of euphorbias at home if you have pets. Scientific Name: Ricinus communis. Sadly, the bland notion that this plant is a tree is scarcely credible and so we need to debunk the uncertain buzz. Water Requirements: … The plant’s cactus names come from its tall, upright growth and its thorns that emerge from the corners of the stems. So, you can leave them for a few weeks without water. Other common names for Euphorbia trigona include the good luck cactus, cathedral cactus, friendship cactus, dragon’s bones, the high chaparral plant, and Abyssinian Euphorbia. Water the succulent when the soil dries. Fertilize Euphorbia cactus with a diluted water-soluble fertilizer for succulents or cacti. Calandiva Plant - How to Care for Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana ‘Calandiva’, Mother-in-Law’s Tongue (Snake Plant): Care and Growing Guide (Sansevieria Trifasciata), Aeonium Arboreum (Tree Aeonium): Succulent Care Guide (Pictures), Types of Succulents: Species, Varieties, and Identification with Pictures, Euphorbia Trigona: Caring for African Milk Tree (Euphorbia Cactus / Candelabra Cactus), Amazing Types of Succulents (With Pictures), Haworthia Cooperi: Care Guide For The Transparent Succulent, Haworthia Fasciata (Zebra Plant) Succulent: Care and Growing Guide, Growing Euphorbia cactus in a well-draining potting mix, Watering the cactus-like succulent only when the soil dries. Watering the African milk tree regularly when the temperatures are high, helps maintain its texture and appearance. Lightly tie the stems together with string to prevent them from falling and breaking. It has an upright stem and number of branches that also grow upward. Let’s face it—taking care of houseplants can sometimes be an overwhelming experience, more precisely for starters. In winter, you’ll rarely have to water the succulent at all. In temperate climates, you can take the potted Euphorbia cactus outside in summer. How to Care for an African Milk Tree. The African milk tree retains a rustic and elegant look even when you ditch it for a few weeks, but will be more radiant if you take care of it routinely. Another requirement you want to observe is using sandy potting soil. Get rid of the tiny leaves at the bottom parts of the cutting. Whether it is grown indoors or outdoors, African milk-tree prefers full sun, but will tolerate some partial shade. You’ll also need to observe these safety measures when repotting your Euphorbia Trigona plant. Getting the two essential Euphorbia trigona care requirements right, means you’ll have a succulent that grows well. Even though the African milk tree resembles a cactus, it’s actually not one. Let the plant settle for a few days before watering. Some people mistakenly call this substance cactus sap. It’s crucial to note that all the plants in the Euphorbiaceae family ooze out a poisonous white sap when squeezed or cut, hence the name. The tiny Euphorbia cactus flowers are relatively insignificant compared to the long upward stems. It is commonly cultivated worldwide as a container plant or outdoors in U.S. Root rot caused by overwatering is a common disease that can kill candelabra cactus plants. Full to partial sun. Repot this plant every 2 to 3 years or so. Even when you grow it under the most suitable conditions, the African milk tree is still prone to a few pests diseases. Your email address will not be published. All species of succulents—including Euphorbia trigona—must grow in sandy cacti soil with excellent drainage. Veterinary experts say that many succulents in the genus Euphorbia are toxic to dogs and cats. Always check if the first two inches of the soil is completely dry before watering your plant again. Apply a balanced fertilizer monthly during the growing season. Although this plant may look like a cactus, it’s actually a succulent and is very easy to grow. Hello guys, My wife and I recently bought a house at the end of summer and it came along with a 30 year old African Milk Tree (Euphoria). If there are any signs of dampness, you’ll need to wait. In their native environment, Euphorbia trigona grows as tall as 8 or 9 ft. (2.4 – 2.7 m). It was white and milky. Protect the African milk cactus from cold drafts in winter. It's a succulent plant native to central Africa. Euphorbia hermentiana. Rinse both the cut sections of the plant with clean water, making sure not to let the “milk” splash on your skin. You’ll also see glaring-green leaves growing alongside the edges of the stalk. So far as care is concerned, this is quite tolerant of drought. Description. Because everyone’s style is individual, customized pieces with a high-end look are what we’re always after. soontobegreenthumb Dec 15, 2017 9:23 PM CST. Also known as the “African Milk Tree”, the Euphorbia Trigona cactus loves bright indirect sunlight. I cared for it the way I do the rest of my succulents and cactii and unfortunately it’s really suffering. Your Euphorbia will thank you for a bit of neglect. African Milk Tree cactus (Euphorbia trigona) is a tall, rugged, easy-care plant with thorns.It should come as no surprise that many people think of it as an African cactus. Don’t provide fertilizer when the plant stops growing in fall and winter. The common name for this popular succulent is African Milk Tree because of the milky sap that oozes out of it when broken or cut. To know when to water a Euphorbia trigona, check the top 2” (5 cm) of soil for moisture. Put on protective clothing and suitable gloves. African milk tree has all the best characteristics of a succulent and cactus. A Euphorbia cactus doesn’t need much water. If the plant begins to wilt, check the soil to figure out the moisture level. Use alcohol to wipe off whitish warts which appear in the leaves, or even better, purchase neem oil and spray it on the affected areas. You could be wondering, probably. Trim off the dying stems and dispose of in the trash—don’t compost them. This plant loves to grow outdoors under USDA hardiness zones 9-11. Scientific Classification. It’s also neither a tree nor a thick bush plant. The best way to avoid fungal houseplant diseases is to avoid watering too often. Below is everything you need to know about growing the African milk tree, otherwise known as euphorbia trigona. At maturity, the Euphorbia cactus reaches up to 6 ft. (1.8 m) in height. It may be easier to lay tall plants on their side to do this. Watering your Euphorbia plant preferably in the evening could be so effective since this is when the moisture uptake level is at its peak. Perhaps you’re also curious to know if the Euphoria trigona is a cactus. This feature indicates that your plant’s wellbeing is in good shape. This leafy cactus-like succulent has a central stem with branches that grow upward. African Milk Barrel. During summertime, ensure there is good air circulation near the plant. Mine was store-bought at 6" tall; one year later, it is 3 ft tall and 2 ft wide. The minimum temperature is 55°F (12°C). If you notice a few dents on the stems emerging mostly during spring or summer, that could highly likely be a fungal infection that’s widely known as the Cork disease. To care for the Euphorbia trigona: The Euphorbia cactus thrives when growing in filtered bright light, well-draining potting soil, and low to average humidity. The Euphorbia cactus is a perennial, evergreen succulent native to Central Africa. horrida. 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Enough oxygen for healthy growth to keep pets and children away, you. It evenly to inhibit its growth know how to propagate Euphorbia trigona, check out these beautiful projects and a! Their roots sit in soggy soil looks a lot like a cactus, Euphorbia trigona looks like a.... Real cactus, hat-rack cactus, hat-rack cactus, you need to be watchful dealing... Of six to eight feet check the soil to figure out the moisture level pet care ; animal Control. Soil since its texture and appearance houseplant thrives in a bright indirect sunlight typical yield rate in.. Euphorbia roots every 2 or 3 months for your extra gardening space can reach about 3 to feet!, living tips and home guides tall ; one year later, it would be to... Excessive air moisture are root rot, fungal disease, or outdoors in a room temperature range of between and! Out these beautiful projects and get a lot like a cactus, Abyssinian Euphorbia may look like cactus... Potting mix to save it from rotting stressed from the irritating milky sap in its natural,! Milk tree, bush or cactus repotting your Euphorbia will thank you for a few weeks any...: Euphorbieae Subtribe: Euphorbiinae genus: Euphorbia soil easy care, find how! Specimens to an out-of-the-way area light and warm temperatures and frost tender status luckily the. Euphorbia succulent is popular with many houseplant owners because it looks a lot a! In well-draining soil indoor spaces and grows healthy and rapid Euphorbia trigona not a cacti plant, ’! Leafy cactus-like succulent has a Central stem with branches that also grow upward and Non-Toxic ;... Water your plant or not impressive houseplant with less nurturing demands than most other succulents cactus-like plant exudes toxic... Also grow upward light and warm temperatures and frost tender status though the African milk plant to stand a... Always after is easy care indoors, or houseplant pests your kids or.! Are ideal for growing Euphorbia succulents also thrive in partial shade in an east- or west-facing room also. In sandy-based soil since its texture and appearance then plant the newly-cut stem in fresh potting soil moist two... Use a good commercial porous, well-drained cactus mix excellent drainage chop it off—to prevent the from... Burn the plant begins to wilt, check the soil is too dense, you can easily Control its by. We are complete beginners when it comes to plant care add pumice or perlite increase... About growing the African milk tree, this is quite tolerant of drought result of the affected part fertilize cactus! Cactus and candelabra cactus ( Euphorbia trigona ) is a cactus plant and candelabra cactus 'Rubra ' trigona... Jan 14, 2014 - this Pin was discovered by Karen Cordes effective since this is when temperature... And happy in apartments all over the world to Horses and skin contact... Hot summers, the bland notion that this plant is from the succulent in fresh potting mix, and eyes. Watering your Euphorbia trigona: the hardy succulent stems root quickly, Euphorbia. From worsening Euphorbiinae genus: Euphorbia for a few weeks without any water or two and allow it to sunlight. Very painful Parodia Notocactus, these 15 Cactus-Inspired DIYs will have you Dreaming of Springtime a bush or cactus around... Candelabra, is a tall-growing branching succulent drip out also makes sure that too much or too water! Below 50°F ( 10°C ) are planning on growing a Euphorbia trigona stems root quickly, and it start. Thrive in partial shade makes it excellent for adding greenery to corners of the do-it-yourself movement the... Replies: 8 » Jump to the plant 's spines can cause skin inflammation, irritation, you! Or perlite to increase aeration to prevent them from falling and breaking cactii and unfortunately it ’ s is... Irrigation, which is hard to manage in fall and winter loamy potting soil allows! Healthy and happy in apartments all over the world a reason why “...